Infertility Q & A

What causes infertility?

Infertility can occur in men as well as women. In men, problems occur with the shape, motility, and concentration of sperm as well as genetic, infectious, and ejaculation disorders. Semen analysis is the mainstay of evaluation. The exam can prove helpful.

In women the most common causes of infertility include:

  • Decrease in normal hormone function with older age, PCOS, and other causes

  • Endometriosis

  • Fibroids, adhesions, or polyps

  • Ovulation disorder or ovary abnormality

  • Tubal abnormality

  • Abnormal uterus lining or structural defects

  • Excessive or thick mucus

  • Cancer treatment

  • Premature menopause
     

How is the cause of infertility determined?

Numerous tests including blood tests, sperm sampling, pelvic exams, ultrasounds, and hysterosalpingograms.
 

What treatments are available?

  • Hormone therapy for various hormone deficiencies and anovulation

  • Surgical techniques to treat endometriosis, uterine abnormalities, tubal disease, and fibroids

  • Intrauterine insemination

  • Invitro fertilization

All these treatments are designed to maximize the chances of a successful conception. 

 

Infertility